PROFIL KARAKTERISTIK INFEKSI CAMPAK TERKAIT DENGAN STATUS IMUNISASI CAMPAK PADA PASIEN ANAK YANG BEROBAT DI KLINIK ANAK INSTALASI RAWAT JALAN RS MUHAMMADIYAH GRESIK

by dr.Tyas Frimabonna

Departemen Instalasi Rawat Jalan RS Muhammadiyah Gresik

 

Abstract  

Background : In the 4th quarter of 2016, a child clinic visit of Muhammadiyah Hospital showed an incidence of measles outbreak

Goal : This research is to know the characteristic profile of measles infection related with measles immunization status that happened at child clinic of outpatient installation of RS Muhammadiyah Gresik

Method : Descriptive analysis with tables and crosstabulasi data to compare the variables of age range of measles, gender, completeness of immunization status, timeliness of immunization schedule, hospitalized measles patient, health facilities tahat have been providing measles vaccin, the area of origin of measles patients, complications. Sampling using purposive sampling method with inclusion criteria of measles diagnosis.

Result : The characteristics of 154 measles patients were used as respondents, the possibility of positive age of measles aged under five was found to be the highest incidence in pre-school age ie age 4-6th, 53.9% of patients had incomplete measles vaccine status and were exposed to measles vaccine, 33.1% of patients had never vaccinated status measles. 3.2% of these patients were hospitalized because they had not received the vaccine, their vaccine status was incomplete / late, and there was a publication. 23.4% of the largest coverage area suffering from measles treated at the clinic of the child came from a distance > 15 km from Muhammadiyah Gresik hospital, 43,5% of those who got measles got their immunization at puskesmas where the patient lives.

Conclusion: The characteristics of measles infection recorded in medical record data of RS Muhammadiyah Gresik occurred in children aged 4-6th where they have irregular immunization status both in terms of completeness and delay, even 5 patients of whom should be hospitalized due to complications accompanied by complications. The highest coverage of measles patients came from the area of ​​puskesmas / posyandu around the patient who lived the distance of ring> 15km from RS Muhammadiyah Gresik

Key Words : Measles infection, outbreak, pre-school age, immunization status, hospitalization, immunization coverage of most cases of measles infection.